Members of the family Muscidae may become involved in cases of myiasis as secondary invaders, especially the ubiquitous Musca domestica, the common housefly. Species of the genus Passeromyia are obligate, blood-feeding larval parasites of bird nestlings, feeding from the skin surface or burrowing subcutaneously – in heavy infestations they can cause death of the nestlings (Zumpt, 1965). Species of the Neotropical genus Philornis occupy the same biological niche, parasitising Neotropical bird nestlings (Guimarães & Papavero, 1999).
- Guimarães, J.H. and Papavero, N. (1999). Myiasis in man and animals in the neotropical region, bibliographic database. São Paulo, Plêiade/FAPESP, 308 pp.
- Zumpt F. (1965). Myiasis in Man and Animals in the Old World. Butterworths, London,UK, 267 pp.